Fiona Godlee, editor of the BMJ, provides an interesting commentary on the controversy that besets the scientific research and clinical management of CFS/ME (BMJ 2011;342:d3956).

Sadly, some people have reacted to her comments with anger, and in so doing unwittingly prove her point. If you are suffering from CFS/ME, or if you care for someone with the condition, you would do well to read this article dispassionately. There will always be exceptions to prove a rule, but in my clinical practice I have found graded exercise and cognitive behavioural therapy to be invaluable aspects of successful clinical management of this dreadful condition. There are two caveats: 1) the exercise programme be tailored for the individual and then actively supervised and re-graded by the treating doctor; and 2) the CBT must be fatigue-specific (no point in giving CBT for depression when the problem is fatigue), and it must be performed by a psychologist with experience in the area.   “Why can’t chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalitis be like other common chronic conditions where patients, carers, doctors, and researchers work together to pose research questions, gain understanding, and—in the absence of clear explanations and cures—at least find ways to respond to patients’ needs?” So asks BMJ deputy editor Trish Groves after attending this year’s Invest in ME conference (doi:10.1136/bmj.d3774).

She had accepted the organisers’ invitation with an open mind, heartened by the conference theme: “A case for clinical trials.” But emotions were running high. The PACE trial had just found that cognitive therapy and graded exercise therapy can help, to the fury of patient groups who dispute a psychiatric basis for the condition. Meanwhile serious doubts were growing over a study that had been welcomed by the same groups because it claimed to have found a viral cause. (The editors of Science have since published an expression of concern, after the failure of other studies to replicate the finding and evidence that the virus was a laboratory contaminant; BMJ 2011;342:d3505). Instead of any clear discussion of how to expand the evidence base for diagnosis and treatment, Groves heard about a disparate collection of small scale laboratory studies. “By the end of the day the case for clinical trials had not been made,” she writes.   Nor is there much hope that it will be, unless we can find a way through the current stalemate. As Groves says, most patients and campaigners believe that only drug treatments based on biological causation will help, and most doctors believe that patients who won’t try graded exercise or cognitive therapy are untreatable. The result is an unproductive standoff in which, as Nigel Hawkes describes, all progress is being stifled by increasingly aggressive intimidation of researchers (doi:10.1136/bmj.d3780). Online abuse, personal threats, harassment, and referrals to the GMC have made the field a no go area for many. Leading CFS researcher Simon Wessely has moved on to investigating the problems of war veterans. “I now go to Iraq and Afghanistan, where I feel safer,” he says.   A small minority of extremists has hijacked this important debate. But the quiet majority of patients must make sure that their reasonable voices are heard. Ollie Cornes has suffered from CFS/ME for 12 years. He gives a clear account of living with “an overwhelming, permanent, and intense malaise.” But he also makes a clear and reasonable request: that the UK consider adopting the narrower Canadian definition for CFS/ME, which distinguishes patients with “delayed, post-exertional malaise and fatigue” from the broad range of people presenting to their doctors with tiredness (doi:10.1136/bmj.d3836).   Despite being heckled by delegates, Trish Groves has offered to attend next year’s Invest in ME conference, to talk about the kinds of research questions and study designs that might attract national research grants and be published in mainstream medical journals. And there is hope that such research may be on its way. As Nigel Hawkes explains, the MRC has set aside £1.5m for research into CFS/ME. To encourage new entrants, the successful proposal must include at least one scientist who doesn’t already work in the field.   Cite this as: BMJ 2011;342:d3956